How ‘Fat Leonard’ INFILTRATED THE NAVY’s Floating Headquarters in Asia

As the flagship for the Navy’s 7th Fleet, the USS Blue Ridge plays a critical role in national security by overseeing all U.S. maritime operations in Asia and the western Pacific. The venerable warship is the Navy’s second-oldest active-duty vessel and has survived the Vietnam War, the Cold War and tensions with China and North Korea.

But there is one foreign threat against which the Blue Ridge proved utterly defenseless for many years: a 6-foot-3, 350-pound tugboat owner known as “Fat Leonard.”

In a case that ranks as the worst corruption scandal in Navy history, the Justice Department has charged 15 officers and one enlisted sailor who served on the Blue Ridge with taking bribes from or lying about their ties to Leonard Glenn Francis, a Singapore-based tycoon who held lucrative contracts to service Navy ships and submarines in Asian ports.

For the better part of a decade, as part of a massive scam to defraud the Navy, Francis systematically infiltrated the Blue Ridge to a degree that is only now coming into focus, more than four years after the defense contractor’s arrest, according to the documents from federal court and the Navy, as well as interviews with Navy officials and associates of Francis.

Prosecutors say nine sailors from the 7th Fleet flagship leaked classified information about ship movements and other secrets to Francis, a Malaysian citizen, making the Blue Ridge perhaps the most widely compromised U.S. military headquarters of the modern era.

The Navy is investigating dozens of others who served on the ship, which is based in Japan, for possible violations of military law or ethics rules, according to documents and interviews.

Between 2006 and 2013, Francis doled out illicit gifts, hosted epicurean feasts and sponsored sex parties for Blue Ridge personnel on at least 45 occasions, according to federal court records and Navy documents obtained by The Washington Post under the Freedom of Information Act.

Officers from the Blue Ridge consumed or pocketed about $1 million in gourmet meals, liquor, cash, vacations, airline tickets, tailored suits, Cuban cigars, luxury watches, cases of beef, designer handbags, antique furniture and concert tickets – and reveled in the attention of an armada of prostitutes, records show.

Although Francis offered bribes and freebies to hundreds of Navy personnel assigned to other U.S. warships, bases and embassies in Asia starting in the early 1990s, the Blue Ridge was his primary target.

Staff officers on the Blue Ridge had the clout to intervene on behalf of Francis’s company, Glenn Defense Marine Asia, because they managed operations, logistics and intelligence for the entire 7th Fleet. Of paramount importance to Francis was the officers’ access to the classified itineraries of all U.S. ships and submarines transiting the region.

A master recruiter, Francis methodically assembled a network of informants to feed him the secret itineraries, court documents show. Wielding remarkable influence for a foreigner, he then prodded his moles on the Blue Ridge to reroute aircraft carriers and other vessels to ports controlled by his firm so he could more easily overcharge the Navy for fuel, other supplies and services.

Francis, 53, has pleaded guilty to bribery and defrauding the military of $35 million, although some officials think the monetary losses sustained by the Navy are far greater. He has been in jail in San Diego since his arrest in 2013 and is cooperating with authorities as he awaits sentencing. One of his attorneys, Ethan Posner, declined to comment.

The case has snowballed into an epic embarrassment for the Navy, which has struggled to explain how so many officers on the Blue Ridge succumbed so easily to the prostitutes, extravagant meals and expensive gifts that Francis dangled as temptations.

It also has raised questions about the extent to which admirals in the 7th Fleet and the rest of the Navy knew of what was happening under their command but did not intervene.

More than 60 admirals have come under investigation by the Justice Department and the Navy for their interactions with Francis and his company. Two admirals have been charged in federal court and six others have been censured or disciplined by the Navy. Authorities have publicly identified only a handful of the others so far.

Cmdr. Mike Kafka, a Navy spokesman, said the service takes the ongoing criminal investigation “very seriously” and that it is working closely with the Justice Department to hold Navy personnel accountable.

“The criminal activity of Leonard Francis has changed how we conduct our . . . contracting services worldwide,” Kafka said in an email. “It is evident that Leonard Francis specifically targeted personnel from the USS Blue Ridge, the flag ship for the Seventh Fleet, due to that staff’s ability to impact other ship schedules and port visit locations.”

Oxtail soup and duck-leg confit

The Navy advertises the 634-foot-long Blue Ridge, named after a range in the Appalachian Mountains, as the most capable command ship ever built.

It was commissioned in 1970. Among the Navy’s active-duty vessels, only the wooden-hulled USS Constitution, which was launched in 1797 and is preserved as a museum, is older.

The Blue Ridge boasts little firepower. But as the floating headquarters for the 7th Fleet, it is packed with advanced communications gear so that it can track and command the fleet’s formidable assets: about 60 warships and submarines, manned by a combined 20,000 sailors, performing missions in the Pacific and Indian oceans.

The 7th Fleet is led by a three-star admiral supported by a command staff of about 200 personnel assigned to the Blue Ridge. The ship itself is skippered by a captain with a separate crew. It spends about half the year docked at its home port in Yokosuka, Japan, and the rest making the rounds in Asia.

For years, when it arrived in a port, the Blue Ridge would be welcomed by a familiar sight on the pier: a beaming Leonard Francis, flanked by a black sport-utility vehicle or limousine and an entourage of comely young women.

His company, Glenn Defense, held Navy contracts to provide everything the crew might need while in port, including fuel, food, fresh water, tugboats, security guards and ground transportation. But Francis, also known within Navy circles as “Leonard the Legend,” was renowned for the perks that he provided off the books.

Besides paying for meals at Asia’s fanciest restaurants, he was famed within the Navy for the prostitutes and strippers he had on call from China, Indonesia, Malaysia, Mongolia, the Philippines, Russia, Thailand and Vietnam.

Organizing the sex workers into what he dubbed “elite SEAL teams,” he would fly them from their countries to whatever port the Blue Ridge might be visiting.

Blue Ridge officers were repeatedly instructed that none of this was permissible. The Navy, like other federal agencies, has strict rules against accepting anything of monetary value from people seeking to do business with the government.

Gifts are prohibited unless they are worth $20 or less. There is also a $50 annual limit on accepting gifts from a single source.

Yet officers on the Blue Ridge routinely conspired with Francis to undermine the regulations, according to federal prosecutors.

In February 2006, as the Blue Ridge prepared to visit Hong Kong, a military lawyer sent an ethics alert to senior officers on the ship: Beware defense contractors who might try to bribe you.

Instead of complying, Capt. David Newland, the 7th Fleet chief of staff, immediately leaked the message to Francis so that Francis could cover his tracks, according to an indictment filed last year in federal court in San Diego.

Prosecutors said Newland was one in a long line of Blue Ridge officers who had been on the take from the contractor.

The next day, the Blue Ridge docked in Hong Kong for a 72-hour visit. Newland and other officers dined and drank at Francis’s expense at a swanky French restaurant, racking up a $20,000 tab; then they spent the night at the Shangri-La Hotel, where Francis covered much of the cost, the indictment states.

Steve Barney, a retired Navy captain who wrote the 2006 ethics alert when he was serving as the 7th Fleet’s top lawyer, said he was shocked by the allegations of his former shipmates flagrantly disregarding the rules.

“There was a continuous drumbeat on ethics,” he said. “Anybody who was on the staff, if they took the time to read it, would have been on notice about what the ethics rules were.”

Three weeks after Barney posted his ethics warning, the flagship arrived in Singapore for another port visit – and another party.

On March 9, 2006, at least seven officers from the Blue Ridge attended a twilight cocktail hour held by Francis on the helipad atop the 73-story Swissôtel the Stamford, one of the tallest hotels in Southeast Asia, according to court documents and photographs of the event obtained by The Post.

Afterward, the group dined in a private room at Jaan, the hotel’s Michelin-starred restaurant, where they savored foie gras terrine, oxtail soup and duck-leg confit followed by a degustation of baby lamb, according to a copy of the menu from that evening.

For dessert: dark Manjari chocolate gelee, with cacao nib foam, poached rhubarb and passion fruit sorbet. The officers drank Hennessy Paradis Extra cognac at $2,000 a bottle and smoked Cuban Cohiba cigars worth $2,000 a box, records show.

If there was any doubt about who was paying for it, the menu proclaimed in large type that the hosts for the evening were Mr. and Mrs. Leonard G. Francis.

Photographs show Francis being toasted by Newland, the 7th Fleet chief of staff. Also in attendance were Col. Enrico DeGuzman, the Marine Corps liaison to the 7th Fleet, and Lt. Cmdr. Edmond Aruffo, another 7th Fleet staff officer.

Newland and DeGuzman were indicted in March on bribery and conspiracy charges, along with seven other former officers from the Blue Ridge and the 7th Fleet staff. All have pleaded not guilty.

Joseph Mancano, an attorney for Newland, called the allegations against him “simply unproven” and said that his client “looks forward to being vindicated at trial.”

A lawyer for DeGuzman acknowledged that the Marine Corps officer had accepted favors from Francis but denied that he gave anything in return or knew that Glenn Defense was overbilling the Navy.

“While Colonel DeGuzman may have accepted a handful of dinners and hotel rooms paid for by the defense contractor Francis, [his] decisions and actions were never based even in part on these unsolicited gratuities, but rather were made based on the best interests of the safety and security of the Marines and sailors under his command,” said Birney Bervar, the attorney.

Aruffo, who was hired by Francis to work at Glenn Defense after retiring from the Navy, pleaded guilty in 2014 to conspiracy to defraud the United States. His sentence is pending. His attorney did not respond to requests for comment.

Others present for the March 2006 Singapore dinner included the Blue Ridge’s commanding officer, Capt. Jeff Bartkoski, and the 7th Fleet chaplain, Capt. William Devine, who posed for a photo with a thick cigar in his mouth.

Bartkoski, who retired from the Navy in 2014, declined to comment.

In an interview, Devine, a Catholic priest who has since retired from the military, said he “vaguely” remembered the dinner. “I didn’t sense there was any inappropriateness,” he added.

Devine said he recalled discussing the ethics alert with the 7th Fleet’s top lawyer at the time it was issued. But he was at a loss to explain why he decided to go to Francis’s soiree anyway.

“I guess in my naivete I never saw that as going against any rules,” said Devine, who now serves as the pastor of a parish in Bridgewater, Mass. “I guess I didn’t make that connection at the time. Shame on me.”

Bacchanalia and decadence

Over time, Francis’s corruption of the Blue Ridge’s wardroom became progressively decadent, court records show.

During a port visit in February 2007, he threw a sex party involving multiple prostitutes, Newland and other officers at the five-star Manila Hotel, where Gen. Douglas MacArthur lived when he served as military adviser to the government of the Philippines in the late 1930s, according to the indictment. During the party, “historical memorabilia” related to MacArthur were used in sexual acts, the indictment states.

A year later, during a return visit to Manila, Francis spent more than $50,000 to stage “a raging multi-day party” for Blue Ridge officers in the Presidential Suite of the Makati Shangri-La Hotel, the court records show.

Prosecutors say Francis hired a “rotating carousel of prostitutes” for the party. The group guzzled the hotel’s entire supply of Dom Pérignon and swapped sex partners in the suite, according to the indictment and a person familiar with the bacchanalia.

“I finally detoxed myself from Manila,” Cmdr. Stephen Shedd, a 7th Fleet planning officer, emailed Francis a week later. “That was a crazy couple of days. It’s been a while since I’ve done 36 hours of straight drinking!!!”

Over the next six years, some Blue Ridge officers who swallowed Francis’s bait grew hungry for more than their steady diet of multicourse meals and romps with prostitutes.

Capt. Donald Hornbeck, the 7th Fleet’s deputy chief of staff for operations, persuaded Francis to arrange a culinary internship for one of his relatives at the posh Chalet Suisse restaurant in Kuala Lumpur and cover $13,000 of her living expenses, according to the indictment. His attorney, Benjamin Cheeks, declined to comment.

Cmdr. Jose Luis Sanchez, a deputy logistics officer for the 7th Fleet, pleaded guilty to accepting between $30,000 and $120,000 worth of cash, paid sex, travel and other favors. Prosecutors say he pocketed at least $100,000 in cash.

Vincent Ward, an attorney for Sanchez, said the Navy officer could not comment because he has not been sentenced. He said Sanchez “has taken full responsibility for his mistakes” and “looks forward to the day when the truth about his role . . . is accurately portrayed to the public.”

Even the wife of one of the Blue Ridge’s former skippers had her hand out, court records show.

Carol Lausman, the spouse of Capt. David “Too Tall” Lausman, accepted an $8,400 Versace purse while on a 2011 visit to Hong Kong, according to an indictment against her husband. “Leonard gave me a lovely gift,” she emailed a Glenn Defense staff member before complaining that the gold insignia on the purse had cracked.

Glenn Defense sent her a new Versace purse as a replacement.

Carol Lausman has not been charged with a crime and did not respond to requests for comment. But court records show that Francis considered her someone he could exploit to corrupt the Blue Ridge’s commanding officer.

During an earlier visit by the flagship to Thailand, Francis told his staff in an email to pay for Carol Lausman to stay at a beach resort with her husband and for other perks.

“Fast track and VIP service. Best room at Sheraton,” Francis instructed. “Arrange Market trip and tour for shopping in Bangkok. She wants to make silk pants. Cheap price. We pay ha ha.”

David Lausman has pleaded not guilty to charges of bribery, conspiracy and obstruction of justice. His attorney did not respond to requests for comment.

Other spouses allegedly received their share, too. In 2007, Francis gave a pair of Ulysse Nardin watches, worth $25,000, to Shedd and his wife, according to the indictment.

A few months later, Shedd emailed Francis to ask whether he would mind paying for the couple and two children to vacation in Singapore and Malaysia. “Spank me hard if I’m out of line,” Shedd added.

Francis covered their expenses, which totaled $30,000 for the week-long vacation, according to the indictment.

A few months later, Shedd allegedly came back for a bigger favor. He was broke. He emailed Francis a spreadsheet listing his personal debts and asked for emergency help in paying them off.

“I’ve got about 10 days before I’m in big trouble and I really, really appreciate your assistance,” Shedd wrote. “I’ll get you whatever information you need.”

Tired of Shedd’s requests for handouts, Francis responded with a demand of his own. He wanted classified details of upcoming ship visits to the South Pacific. “The info is required by tomorrow,” he ordered in a brusque email.

The Navy officer obeyed right away, according to the indictment. Francis had his secret ship schedules within eight hours.

Five days later, however, Shedd still had not received the money he needed. Unsure whether he had been duped, he sent Francis a beggarly email: “I was wondering if you have reached a decision on my Shedd Bailout/Rescue Loan proposal.”

Whether Francis came through in the end, the indictment does not say. Shedd’s attorney did not respond to requests for comment.

Fat Leonard in the house

The Justice Department investigation has raised questions about whether the admirals in charge of the 7th Fleet were aware of Francis’s illicit business practices or should have suspected he was infiltrating their headquarters.

Federal prosecutors have suggested as much. “Francis was able to leverage his way to the top in plain view of generations of senior Naval Officers and Admirals,” they wrote in a sentencing memo for Capt. Daniel Dusek, a former 7th Fleet operations officer on the Blue Ridge who is serving a four-year prison sentence.

Although it is common for senior Navy leaders to interact with contractors, Francis went to unusual lengths to rub elbows with admirals. Former associates said he knew that if he could create the impression that he was cozy with the 7th Fleet commander, subordinates would think twice about challenging Glenn Defense’s inflated invoices.

Whenever he met with the brass, even for brief encounters, he made sure an employee tagged along with a camera. He solicited official letters from senior 7th Fleet officers praising Glenn Defense, then published them as endorsements in the company’s promotional brochures.

Six vice admirals held the job of 7th Fleet commander between 2002 and Francis’s arrest in 2013. None has been charged by the Justice Department. The Navy will not say whether it has investigated any of them for possible violations of military law or ethics rules.

Five of the former 7th Fleet commanders – Robert F. Willard, Jonathan W. Greenert, John M. Bird, Scott R. Van Buskirk and Scott H. Swift – declined to comment about their relationships with Francis or did not respond to interview requests from The Post. All except Swift have retired from the Navy.

The only one who agreed to an interview was W. Douglas Crowder, a retired vice admiral who led the 7th Fleet from 2006 to 2008. He said he had been “uneasy” with Francis ever since he met him at a dinner in Hong Kong in 2004 but declined to elaborate.

Crowder said that on the day he took over as the 7th Fleet commander, after the swearing-in ceremony, he walked into his official residence for the first time at the U.S. Navy base in Yokosuka, Japan. He glanced into the back yard and, much to his surprise, saw Francis standing there with a young Navy officer.

Crowder said he summoned the officer inside. “What is Fat Leonard doing in my back yard?” he demanded. “You brought Fat Leonard into my residence? My 15-year-old daughter lives here. My wife lives here. You get Fat Leonard out of my back yard.”

The admiral said he fired the officer – Lt. Cmdr. Edmond Aruffo, who years later would plead guilty to corruption charges – from his position and ordered his staff to keep Francis at arm’s-length.

But the contractor was hard to dodge, Crowder said. Francis would wangle VIP invitations to 7th Fleet ceremonies and wait patiently for a chance to approach the admiral and shake his hand.

Crowder said he tried to avoid having his photo taken with Francis at such events, with limited success. “When he comes through a receiving line in Manila, three people behind the president of the Philippines, what are you going to do? Cause a scene?”

He said he was “flabbergasted” by how many former 7th Fleet officers, including several who worked for him, have been charged with taking bribes.

Crowder said he has not been questioned by investigators. “If I’d have done anything wrong, I’d be before someone by now,” he added. “I’m satisfied with my ethical conduct.”

Asked whether he or other senior Navy leaders should have detected what was going on, he paused.

“I don’t know how to answer that,” he said. “Most of us, we spend our lives, you see something wrong, you take action. The other side of the coin is that you trust people.”

“Fat Leonard”: ONE-THIRD Of All Navy Admirals Caught In Huge Foreign Bribery Scandal


“Fat Leonard” is Leonard Glenn Francis – a 6’3”, 360-pound Malaysian businessman who makes his money servicing naval vessels in the Pacific.

He bribed the Navy’s elite with the finer things in life that only a crooked businessman could provide: Money, the finest liquor, luxurious trips for their families.

And, of course, prostitutes. Lots of prostitutes.

Even tickets to see a Lady Gaga concert or the Broadway version of “The Lion King.”

In exchange, Navy leaders would steer huge government contracts to his firm, Glenn Defense Marine Asia (GDMA).

They’d even reroute ships in the Seventh Fleet away from their original destinations to ports run by GDMA.

It was a mystery why Leonard kept getting lucrative government contracts when his company provided such shoddy service.

Investigators say Leonard covered all his bases. He also bribed people inside the Navy’s investigative unit. They’d run interference for him and let him know when honest inspectors were closing in.

Leonard was so well dug-in that he continued to get huge “no-bid” contracts – even while he was under investigation!

Under former President Barack Obama, Leonard’s ripped off U.S. taxpayers for more than $200 million in Defense contracts since 2009. He admitted at least $35 million of that was total fraud paid for services he never even provided.

The problem goes a lot deeper than money. The lives of 40,000 enlisted men – and the safety of the entire free world – depend on military commanders having honesty, integrity, and putting country first.

Imagine if war had broken out with North Korea or China, and our ships were in the wrong port because a Malaysian multimillionaire bribed the right commander with champagne and hookers?

Naval officers say Leonard’s theft and bribery operation was one of the most deep, vast, and penetrating they’ve seen since the days of Communist espionage.

Even a three-star admiral was taking pay-offs, they say.

Leonard and 17 others have already plead guilty – and under President Donald Trump, the investigation is only beginning.

— Frank Holmes is a reporter for The Horn News. He is a veteran journalist and an outspoken conservative. He also talks about the news that was in his weekly article, “On The Holmes Front,” every Saturday.

Wikipedia Logo Wide


Fat Leonard scandal

The Fat Leonard scandal is a corruption scandal and ongoing investigation within the United States Navy involving ship support contractor Glenn Defense Marine Asia (GDMA), a subsidiary of the Glenn Marine Group.[1][2] The Washington Post called the scandal “perhaps the worst national-security breach of its kind to hit the Navy since the end of the Cold War.”[2] At the heart of the scandal was Glenn Defense Marine Asia, a firm run by Leonard Glenn Francis, a Malaysian national known as “Fat Leonard” for his 350-pound weight.[2] Francis provided thousands of dollars in cash, travel expenses, luxury items, and prostitutes to a large number of U.S. uniformed officers of the United States Seventh Fleet, who in turn gave him classified material about the movements of U.S. ships and submarines, confidential contracting information, and information about active law enforcement investigations into Glenn Defense Marine Asia.[2] Francis then “exploited the intelligence for illicit profit, brazenly ordering his moles to redirect aircraft carriers to ports he controlled in Southeast Asia so he could more easily bilk the Navy for fuel, tugboats, barges, food, water and sewage removal.”[2]

U.S. federal prosecutors filed criminal charges against 28 people in connection with the Fat Leonard scandal. Of those, 18 pleaded guilty: Francis himself, four of his top aides, and 14 Navy officials (specifically, ten commissioned officers, one petty officer first class, one former NCIS special agent, and two civilian Navy contracting officials). Ten others are awaiting trial in U.S. district court in San Diego. Separately, five Navy officers have been charged with crimes under military law and will be tried in court-martial proceedings. An additional person pleaded guilty to a scandal-related crime in Singapore court.[3]

Initiation and conduct of investigation[edit]

In 2010, Navy officials became suspicious that some of the bills submitted by GDMA from Thailand were padded.[4] After a three-year secret investigation, federal agents lured Francis to the United States in September 2013, arresting him at a San Diego hotel in a sting operation. He pleaded guilty in January 2015 and is awaiting sentencing.[2][5] Leonard admitted to using his U.S. Navy contacts, including ship captains, to obtain classified information and to defraud the Navy of tens of millions of dollars by steering ships to specific ports in the Pacific and falsifying service charges.[5] In his plea, Francis identified seven Navy officials who accepted bribes.[6] The 6-foot-3-inch, 350-pound Malaysian playboy faces a maximum prison sentence of 25 years and agreed to forfeit $35 million in personal assets, an amount he admits to overcharging the Navy.[7][8]

In 1989, when he was 21, Leonard was sentenced to three years in jail in Malaysia for firearms possession.[9]

Scope of inquiry and prosecutions[edit]

Since 2013, 31 people have been criminally charged in connection with the Fat Leonard bribery and corruption scandal. According to investigators, by November 2017, more than 440 people — including 60 admirals — have come under scrutiny under the inquiry.[10][3] The Navy will hold a military trial for a still-serving commander, the first not left to civilian prosecution. He will be charged with accepting travel, gifts and cash, in return for persuading other military officials to accept bribes and join the conspiracy.[11] As of September 2017, eighteen people have pleaded guilty; 14 others have been charged (including eight Navy officers who were indicted in March 2017); four admirals were disciplined by the military; two others are known to be under investigation; and more than 150 other unidentified people have been scrutinized.[3][12][13] [14]

A March 2017 indictment also references a conspiracy member, a retired lieutenant commander in the Royal Australian Navy, who had been a liaison officer with USS Blue Ridge, and identified only as “A.G.” A second unidentified Australian of similar rank was also reported to be under investigation.[9][15]

Among the eighteen people who have pleaded guilty to federal crimes, one was Francis himself, two others were his top deputies; and fifteen others were Navy personnel.[12][16] The highest-ranking was Rear Admiral Robert Gilbeau, who was convicted in June 2016 after pleading guilty to making false statements to investigators about his contacts with Francis,[17] becoming the first Navy admiral in modern American history to be convicted of a felony while on active duty.[10] On May 17, 2017, U.S. District Judge Janis Lynn Sammartino sentenced Gilbeau to 18 months in prison, although he will be allowed to continue collecting his nearly $10,000 monthly pension.[18]

National University of Singapore, corporate governance expert Mak Yuen Teen, noted that procurement in the defense industry is particularly vulnerable to bribery and corruption. “It is usually not that transparent,” with infrequent bidding for large contracts. Blowing the whistle on superior officers might also be discouraged, he indicated. “Those at the top probably thought they could get away with it as their underlings were unlikely to squeal on them.”

According to its spokesman Captain Amy Derrick, the U.S. Navy canceled all contracts with GDMA as the result of a 2013 audit.[9]

In the case of former Naval Intelligence chief, Vice Admiral Ted N. Branch, both the Navy and the Department of Justice declined to prosecute after a three-year investigation.[19]

Individuals involved[edit]

Except for Sharon Kaur’s case, which is being tried in Singapore, and those of five persons charged in military courts (Captain John F. Steinberger, Commander David A. Morales, Commander Jason W. Starmer, Lt. Peter L. Vapor, and Chief Warrant Officer Brian T. Ware), all court proceedings as of September 16, 2017, are in U.S. federal court.[3]

Name Role/position Details Outcome Citation
Leonard Glenn “Fat Leonard” Francis Singapore-based defense contractor;
president/CEO of Glenn Defense Marine Asia (GDMA)
Francis admitted that “he bribed ‘scores’ of U.S. Navy officials with $500,000 in cash, six figures’ worth of sex from his “Thai SEAL team” of traveling prostitutes that greeted ships,[20] lavish hotel stays, spa treatments, $2,000 boxes of Cuban cigars, Kobe beef, Spanish suckling pigs, foie gras terrine, cognac, and an array of other luxury goods.”[5][21] In return, Navy officers provided Francis with classified information, such as ship movements, enabling him to routinely overcharge the Navy for various services GDMA provided for warships in port, such as sewage removal, ground transportation, and communications.[22] Pleaded guilty in January 2015 to bribery, conspiracy to commit bribery, and conspiracy to defraud the United States; awaiting sentencing. [3]
Edmond Aruffo Top deputy to Francis; Japan country manager for GDMA; retired U.S. Navy officer Was given “unfettered access” to the headquarters ship of the 7th Fleet, often dining at the officers mess.[20] Pleaded guilty in July 2014 to conspiracy to defraud the United States; released on bail in September 2014, awaiting sentencing scheduled for July 2017.[23] [3]
Alex Wisidagama Top deputy to Francis, and his cousin; global manager for government contracts at GDMA Singapore citizen who fabricated invoices, concocted bids by nonexistent competitors to satisfy acquisition requirements, and massively overbilled for vessel husbandry services.[24] Pleaded guilty in March 2014 to conspiracy to defraud the United States, and was sentenced in March 2016 to 63 months in prison and ordered to pay the Navy $34.8 million in restitution. [3]
Rear Admiral Robert Robert Gilbeau Former special assistant to the chief of the Navy Supply Corps A graduate of the U.S. Naval Academy and recipient of the Bronze Star and Purple Heart, Gilbeau admitted in a plea agreement to “concealing the duration and extent of his relationship” with Francis when being questioned by federal investigators.[25]Gilbeau also destroyed papers and computer files after Francis’s arrest and falsely told investigators that he had never received gifts from Francis.[25] Catering for 20 years to Gilbeau’s particular preferences, Francis provided him with Vietnamese prostitutes, “two at a time.”[7] Pleaded guilty in June 2016 to making a false official statement. Gilbeau retired from active duty in September 2016 and was demoted to captain. Sentenced to 18 months in prison, in addition to a $100,000 fine, $50,000 in restitution, 300 hours of community service, and three years on probation. Being held at Federal Correctional Institution, Terminal Island. [3][26]
Captain Michael George Brooks (retired) Former U.S. naval attaché in the Philippines. Brooks, of Fairfax Station, Virginia, was the U.S. naval attaché in Manila from 2006 to 2008. He “acknowledged that he and his family members accepted fine wines, hotel rooms, electronics, luxury watches and the services of prostitutes on dozens of occasions” from Francis; secretly passed confidential Navy documents to Francis and Glenn Defense; permitted Glenn Defense to write its own 2007 Navy performance evaluation; and “illicitly secured diplomatic clearance for Glenn Defense so that the firm could bring cargo and personnel into Philippines without being subject to inspections and customs duties.”[27] Pleaded guilty in November 2016 to conspiracy to commit bribery. On June 16, 2017, he was sentenced to three and one half years in prison and was also ordered to pay the Navy a $41,000 fine plus $31,000 in restitution. [3][28]
Captain Daniel Dusek Former deputy director of operations for the United States Seventh Fleet
former commander of the USS Bonhomme Richard
Served 26 years in the Navy. Was bribed with thousands of dollars in cash and luxury goods in exchange for providing classified information to Francis and arranging “for the carrier Abraham Lincoln and the amphibious assault ship Peleliu to stop at ports where Francis’ firm was dominant and could get the bid to provide services to the ships.”[29] Pleaded guilty in January 2015 to conspiracy to commit bribery; sentenced in March 2016 to 46 months in prison and ordered to pay $100,000 in fines and restitution. Being held at Federal Correctional Institution, Sheridan [3]
Commander David Kapaun Former deputy chief of staff for special operations at the Pacific Command Lied on his security clearance renewal application by not disclosing he had a long-standing “unfavorable” relationship with Francis.[12] Pleaded guilty on June 6, 2017 to making false statements. Sentenced September 11, 2017, to 18 months in federal prison plus to make $50,000 in restitution and pay $25,000 in fines, with 200 hours of community service.[30] [12]
Commander (Vannak Khiem) Michael Misiewicz Former deputy director of operations for the United States Seventh Fleet
former commander of the USS Mustin
Francis supplied him with prostitutes, cash, luxury hotel stays, international airfare for himself and his family, and tickets to a Thailand concert by Lady Gaga and a “Lion King” performance in Japan. He supplied Francis with information about vessel movements including about submarines as well as ballistic-missile defense plans in Asia.[31] Pleaded guilty in January 2016 to conspiracy and bribery; sentenced in April 2016 to 78 months in prison and ordered to pay $195,000 in fines and restitution. Being held at United States Penitentiary, Lompoc, California. [3][32]
Commander Jose Luis Sanchez Former logistics officer for the United States Seventh Fleet Served as the executive officer for Fleet Logistics Center Yokosuka until April 2013. Admitted to taking bribes over more than four years, in the form of more than $100,000 in cash, payment of travel expenses, and the services of prostitutes, in exchange for providing confidential Navy information to Glenn Defense.[33] Pleaded guilty in January 2015 to bribery and conspiracy to commit bribery; awaiting sentencing. [3]
Lieutenant Commander Gentry Debord Former logistics officer and stock control officer aboard the USS Essex from 2007 to 2010 Admitted to taking bribes from GDMA for several years in the form of travel, entertainment and the services of prostitutes, with evidence including his reporting having indulged in group sex.[34] In return, Debord assisted Glenn Defense in submitting fake invoices to the Navy and tipped Francis off about a Navy investigation into his company. Debord attributed his entanglement in the scheme to his sex addiction.[35] Pleaded guilty in October 2016 to conspiracy to commit bribery; sentenced in January 2017 to 30 months in prison and ordered to pay $52,000 in fines and restitution. Being held at Federal Correctional Institution, Morgantown, West Virginia. [3][36]
Lieutenant Commander Todd Malaki Former logistics planner and supply officer Over seven years, Malaki provided Francis with proprietary and confidential military documents to assist GMDA in exchange for hotel rooms, cash and a prostitute. In 2006, Malaki provided him with invoices and bid information supplied by competing contractors. Pleaded guilty in April 2015 to conspiracy to commit bribery; sentenced in January 2016 to 40 months in prison and ordered to pay $30,000 in fines and restitution. Being held at United States Penitentiary, Tucson, Arizona. [3]
Petty Officer 1st Class Dan Layug Former logistics specialist for the USS Blue Ridge and United States Seventh Fleet “Leaked competitors’ business secrets and classified ship schedules on six occasions.”[3] Pleaded guilty in May 2014 to conspiracy to commit bribery; sentenced in January 2016 to 27 months in prison and fined $15,000. Being held at United States Penitentiary, Atwater, California. [3]
John Beliveau II Former special agent, Naval Criminal Investigative Service Beliveau was a supervisor whose case the prosecutor compared to Massachusetts gangster Whitey Bulger‘s Winter Hill Gang which had corrupted the Boston FBI.[37] Pleaded guilty in December 2013 to bribery and conspiracy to commit bribery; sentenced in October 2016 to 12 years in prison. Being held at Federal Correctional Institution, Allenwood, Low, in Pennyslvania. [3]
Paul Simpkins Former Navy contracting supervisor based in Singapore Simpkins took $350,000 in bribes from Francis, in the form of cash and funds wired to a bank account in Japan controlled by his wife.[38] In return, Simpkins protected Glenn Defense’s contracts; he “ordered other Navy officials to stop reviewing fraudulent invoices from the firm, and blocked the installation of special equipment that would have detected a scheme by Francis to overcharge the Navy for pumping wastewater from its ships” and on one occasion “overruled a recommendation from a junior officer to cancel one of Glenn Defense’s contracts for poor performance.”[38] Pleaded guilty in June 2016 to bribery, and conspiracy to commit bribery; sentenced in December 2016 to six years in prison and ordered to pay $450,000 in fines and restitution. Being held at Federal Correctional Institution, Morgantown, West Virginia. [3]
Rear Admiral Bruce Loveless(retired) Former U.S. Navy Director of Intelligence Operations, United States Seventh Fleetintelligence chief Had been tasked with assessing and counteracting foreign intelligence threats located within the Seventh Fleet’s geographic area of responsibility.[21] Alleged to have received emoluments from Francis including provisions of prostitutes and stays at the Bangkok Conrad hotel and at the Shangri-La Hotel Jakarta and the Shangri-La Hotel Singapore, all in May 2008, and at the Makati Shangri-La, Manila, in the presidential suite, where he and Hornbeck, Dolan, Lausman and Shedd drained the hotel of its entire stock of Dom Perignon champagne during a “raging multi-day party, with a rotating carousel of prostitutes,” according to the indictment.[12][39][40] Charged in March 2017 with Conspiracy to Commit Honest Services Wire Fraud and Bribery and making false statements. Awaiting trial; has pleaded not guilty. [3]
Captain David A. “Too Tall” Lausman (retired) Former commanding officer of the USS George Washingtonand USS Blue Ridge Lausman and his wife were alleged to have taken a luxury trip to Thailand paid for by Francis and Lausman’s wife allegedly accepted his gift of an $11,345 Versace handbag.[12] Francis was said to have paid for him at the Makati Shangri-La, Manila, in the presidential suite, where he and Hornbeck, Dolan, Shedd and Loveless consumed the hotels entire stock of Dom Perignon champagne during a “raging multi-day party, with a rotating carousel of prostitutes,” according to the indictment.[12][39][40] Charged in March 2017 with Conspiracy to Commit Honest Services Wire Fraud and Bribery, obstruction of justice, and making false statements. Awaiting trial; has pleaded not guilty. [3][40]
Commander Stephen F. Shedd Former commanding officer of the USS Milius, a destroyer, and planning officer for the United States Seventh Fleet Francis was claimed to have paid for his stay at the Makati Shangri-La, Manila, in the presidential suite, where he and Hornbeck, Dolan, Lausman and Loveless drained the hotel of its entire stock of Dom Perignon champagne during a “raging multi-day party, with a rotating carousel of prostitutes,” according to the indictment. Room and alcohol charges exceeded $50,000. In an email, Shedd told Francis, “It’s been a while since I’ve done 36 hours of straight drinking.”[12][39][40] Charged in March 2017 with Conspiracy to Commit Honest Services Wire Fraud and Bribery. Awaiting trial; has pleaded not guilty. [3]
Commander Donald “Bubbles” Hornbeck (retired) Former Deputy Chief of Staff for Operations, United States Seventh Fleet Francis allegedly paid for his stay in the presidential suite, at the Makati Shangri-La, Manila, where he and Shedd, Dolan, Lausman and Loveless drained the hotel of all of its Dom Perignon champagne during a “raging multi-day party, with a rotating carousel of prostitutes,” according to the indictment.[12][39][40] Charged in March 2017 with Conspiracy to Commit Honest Services Wire Fraud and Bribery. Awaiting trial; has pleaded not guilty. [3]
Captain David Newland (retired) Former Chief of Staff to the Commander, United States Seventh Fleet Allegedly in February 2007, he and other officers used MacArthur memorabilia in the commission of sex acts with prostitutes in the Manila hotel suite.[12][40] Charged in March 2017 with Conspiracy to Commit Honest Services Wire Fraud and Bribery. Awaiting trial; has pleaded not guilty. [3]
Colonel Enrico “Rick” de Guzman (retired) Former assistant chief of staff of operations, United States Marine Corps Forces, Pacific and after USN retirement, civilian deputy chief of staff of operations.[12] Two weeks after the Judge Advocate General of the 7th Fleet authored a memo on February 2, 2007, warning personnel not to accept gifts from contractors, DeGuzman, with his wife, who were accompanied by other officers, were alleged to have eaten at the Jaan Restraurant and accepted lodging in Singapore that cost $30,000. Other meals included ones at Hong Kong’s Petrus Restaurant, which came to $20,435, and Tokyo’s New York Grill in Tokyo costing $30,000.[12][40][41] Charged in March 2017 with Conspiracy to Commit Honest Services Wire Fraud and Bribery. Awaiting trial; has pleaded not guilty. [3]
Captain James Dolan (retired) Former assistant chief of staff for logistics, United States Seventh Fleet Allegedly intervened on GDMA’s behalf in contracting and billing disputes, accepting travel and the services of prostitutes, and to have been a participant in carousing at the Makati Shangri-La, Manila, in the presidential suite, paid for by Francis, where he and Hornbeck, Dolan, Shedd and Loveless consumed the hotel’s entire stock of Dom Perignon champagne during a “raging multi-day party, with a rotating carousel of prostitutes,” according to the indictment.[12][39][40] Charged in March 2017 with Conspiracy to Commit Honest Services Wire Fraud and Bribery. Awaiting trial; has pleaded not guilty.[10] [3]
Chief Warrant Officer Robert Gorsuch (retired) Former flag administration officer, United States Seventh Fleet Screened candidates for potential participation in conspiracy.[40] Charged in March 2017 with Conspiracy to Commit Honest Services Wire Fraud and Bribery. Awaiting trial; has pleaded not guilty. [3]
Commander Mario Herrera Former fleet operations/schedules officer, United States Seventh Fleet Allegedly granted diplomatic clearance to GDMA to enable it to bring armed guards into the Philippines, avoid inspections and payment of customs duties.[40] Charged in February 2017 with Conspiracy to Commit Honest Services Wire Fraud and Bribery. Awaiting trial; has not yet entered a plea. [3]
Commander Bobby R. Pitts (retired) Former supply and logistics officer, United States Seventh FleetSingapore contracting Allegedly leaked Naval Criminal Investigative Service (NCIS) files to GDMA to obstruct fraud investigations. Indicted by a federal grand jury in May 2016; charged with conspiracy to defraud the United States and obstruction of official proceedings. Pleaded guilty on August 15, 2017, to conspiracy to defraud the United States; awaiting sentencing. [3][13]
Commander David Alexander Morales Former Singapore contracting Allegedly took bribes in the form of cash, four suckling pigs, Julio Iglesias tickets, a Gucci fashion show and prostitutes for introducing Francis to potential recruits who might be brought into the conspiracy and providing an admiral’s email address. He has been charged with graft, making a false official statement, violation of lawful orders and adultery.[11] Military article 32 hearing began in Norfolk, Virginia on June 26, 2017, with the accused currently awaiting court-martial: His arraignment was on September 13, 2017, with no plea entered. [11][42][43][44]
Commander Jason W. Starmer Former Joint United States Military Advisory Group, Thailand Allegedly took bribes in the form of meals, liquor, patronizing a prostitute, conduct unbecoming an officer, disobeying orders and adultery Military article 32 hearing began in Norfolk, Virginia on August 30, 2017, with the accused possibly facing court-martial. [43]
Sharon Gursharan Kaur Former Francis and later Simpkins subordinate, employed by U.S. Navy in contracting[16] Charged with leaking “confidential contract information to Francis in exchange for $165,000 in cash and luxury travel.”[3] Charged in Singapore courts with bribery in 2016. Pleaded guilty in June 2017 in Singapore state court to corruption and is awaiting sentencing. [3]
Neil Peterson Vice president of global operations, Glenn Defense Arranged for prostitutes for corrupt officers Indicted by a federal grand jury in December 2014; charged with fraud and conspiracy; arrested in Singapore in September 2016 and extradited to San Diego in October 2016; has pleaded guilty. Peterson was sentenced on Aug. 11, 2017 to 70 months in prison.[13] [3][45]
Linda Raja General manager for Singapore, Australia and Pacific Isles, Glenn Defense Fabricated fake billings, bids and invoices. Indicted by a federal grand jury in December 2014; charged with fraud and conspiracy; arrested in Singapore in September 2016 and extradited to San Diego in October 2016. Pleaded guilty. Raja was sentenced on Aug. 11, 2017 to 46 months in prison.[13] [3][45]
Unknown individual Unnamed Glenn Defense employee Indicted by a federal grand jury in December 2014; charged with fraud and conspiracy charges. The employee is thought to be an Asian; an arrest warrant has been issued. Name has not been made public. [3]
Rear Admiral Adrian Jansen Former naval attaché to Indonesia and defense attaché to China Navy investigation determined that Jansen “had an inappropriately familiar relationship” with Francis while serving as the naval attaché to Indonesia by accepting unreported gifts of dinners and wine that exceeded $5,000, in violation of the law and Department of the Navy regulations.[46] Disciplined by the Navy—received non-judicial punishment by the Navy and forfeited $7,500 in pay in February 2017; retirement pending. [3]
Vice Admiral Michael H. Miller(retired) Former superintendent of the United States Naval Academy Along with Kraft and Pimpo, was censured by Secretary of the Navy “to ‘document their failure of leadership’ related to dealings with Glenn Defense Marine Asia between 2006 and 2007.”[47] Disciplined by the Navy—received censure in February 2015 and retired in August 2015. [3][47][48]
Rear Admiral Terry Kraft(retired) Former commander, U.S. Naval Forces, Japan Along with Miller and Pimpo, was censured by Secretary of the Navy “to ‘document their failure of leadership’ related to dealings with Glenn Defense Marine Asia between 2006 and 2007.”[47] Disciplined by the Navy—received censure in February 2015 and was forced into retirement in July 2015. [3]
Rear Admiral David R. Pimpo (retired) Former commander, Naval Supply Systems Command Along with Kraft and Miller, was censured by Secretary of the Navy “to ‘document their failure of leadership’ related to dealings with Glenn Defense Marine Asia between 2006 and 2007.”[47] Disciplined by the Navy—received censure in February 2015, was demoted to captain, and was forced into retirement in July 2015. [3][47]
Captain Jesus V. Cantu (retired) assistant chief of staff for logistics, 7th Fleet; deputy commander, Far East Division, Military Sealift Command, Singapore Admitted taking bribes and the services of prostitutes from Francis until 2013 Pleaded guilty in federal court in San Diego to conspiracy to commit bribery; awaiting sentencing. [49]


  1. Jump up^ Craig Whitlock, ‘Fat Leonard’ scandal swells; three more Navy figures chargesWashington Post (May 27, 2016).
  2. Jump up to:a b c d e f Craig Whitlock, The man who seduced the 7th FleetWashington Post (May 27, 2016).
  3. Jump up to:a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af agah ai aj ak Craig Whitlock & Kevin Uhrmacher, Prostitutes, vacations and cash: The Navy officials ‘Fat Leonard’ took downWashington Post (last updated November 5, 2017).
  4. Jump up^ Tony Perry (15 January 2015). “Navy captain admits providing classified info in massive bribery scheme”Stars and Stripes. Retrieved 24 October 2015.
  5. Jump up to:a b c Craig Whitlock (January 15, 2015). “Defense contractor pleads guilty in massive bribery case”. The Washington Post. Retrieved November 24, 2015.
  6. Jump up^ Julie Watson, AP (January 15, 2015). “Navy bribery probe far from over despite key figure’s plea”. Stars and Stripes. Retrieved November 24, 2015.
  7. Jump up to:a b Admiral’s illicit history with ‘Fat Leonard’ goes back 20 years, prosecutors sayWashington Post, Craig Whitlock, April 19, 2017. Retrieved 11 June 2017.
  8. Jump up^ Gault, Matthew. “How a Malaysian Playboy Controlled the Most Powerful Naval Force on the Planet”Medium (service). Retrieved 14 April 2015.
  9. Jump up to:a b c Living large and looseStraits Times, Tan Tam Mei, April 20,2017. Retrieved 30 June 2017.
  10. Jump up to:a b c Craig Whitlock, Navy officers convicted of corruption in ‘Fat Leonard’ scandal haven’t lost their pensionsWashington Post (March 18, 2017).
  11. Jump up to:a b c Navy files first charges under military law in ‘Fat Leonard’ scandalWashington Post, Craig Whitlock, June 19, 2017. Retrieved 24 June 2017.
  12. Jump up to:a b c d e f g h i j k l m Navy’s widening bribery and sex scandal has many Hawaii connections 18-month sentence for ex-Navy commander in ‘Fat Leonard’ bribery scandalHonolulu Civil Beat, Kirstin Downey, June 7, 2017. Retrieved 11 June 2017.
  13. Jump up to:a b c d Navy commander latest to plead guilty in ‘Fat Leonard’ bribery scandalSan Diego Union Tribune, Kristina Davis, August 15, 2017. Retrieved September 4, 2017.
  14. Jump up^ ‘Fat Leonard’ probe expands to ensnare more than 60 admiralsWashington Post, Craig Whitlock, November 5, 2017. Retrieved November 15, 2017.
  15. Jump up^ Senior Australian sailors investigated over US Navy ‘Fat Leonard’ sex and bribery scandalABC Australia, Andrew Greene, March 16, 2017. Retrieved July 15, 2017.
  16. Jump up to:a b Craig Whitlock, Navy repeatedly dismissed evidence that ‘Fat Leonard’ was cheating the 7th FleetWashington Post (December 27, 2016).
  17. Jump up^ Craig Whitlock, Admiral, seven others charged with corruption in new ‘Fat Leonard’ indictmentWashington Post (March 14, 2017).
  18. Jump up^ Craig Whitlock; Tony Perry (17 May 2017). “Former admiral sentenced to 18 months in ‘Fat Leonard’ case”The Washington Post. Retrieved 18 May 2017.
  19. Jump up^ Former Naval Intelligence Chief cleared in Fat Leonard caseUSNI News, Sam LaGrone, September 22, 2017. Retrieved September 29, 2017.
  20. Jump up to:a b Checkpoint Highest-ranking Navy officer yet sentenced in sex-for-secrets scandalWashington Post, Craig Whitlock March 25, 2016. Retrieved 10 June 2017.
  21. Jump up to:a b Navy Admiral Plus Eight Officers Indicted in “Fat Leonard” Bribery and Sex ScandalCoronado Times, March 16, 2017. Retrieved 10 June 2017.
  22. Jump up^ Greg Moran, Another Navy officer charged in ‘Fat Leonard’ bribery scandalSan Diego Union-Tribune (February 16, 2017).
  23. Jump up^ Court docket, Southern District of California. Retrieved 10 June 2017.
  24. Jump up^ Another prison term handed down in Fat Leonard affairMarineLog, March 20, 2017. Retrieved 12 June 2017.
  25. Jump up to:a b Craig Whitlock, Navy admiral pleads guilty in ‘Fat Leonard’ corruption scandalWashington Post (June 9, 2016).
  26. Jump up^ Davis, Kristina (17 May 2017). “Former Navy admiral gets prison in ‘Fat Leonard’ bribery scam”The San Diego Union-Tribune. Retrieved 18 May 2017.
  27. Jump up^ Craig Whitlock, Retired Navy captain becomes latest officer to admit taking bribes and prostitutes from ‘Fat Leonard’Washington Post (November 15, 2016).
  28. Jump up^ Retired US Navy captain sentenced in ‘Fat Leonard’ caseCNN, Zachary Cohen, June 16, 2017. Retrieved 18 June 2017.
  29. Jump up^ Tony Perry, Navy captain admits providing classified information as part of bribery schemeLos Angeles Times(January 15, 2015).
  30. Jump up^ 18-month sentence for ex-Navy commander in ‘Fat Leonard’ bribery scandalNavy Times, Jennifer Sinco Kelleher, September 12, 2017. Retrieved September 16, 2017.
  31. Jump up^ ‘Fat Leonard’ bribery scandal claims Navy officer who escaped Cambodia’s killing fields as a child[Washington Post], Craig Whitlock, April 29, 2016. Retrieved 12 June 2017.
  32. Jump up^ Greg Moran, Navy commander sentenced to 6 years in prison in ‘Fat Leonard’ bribery scandalLos Angeles Times(April 29, 2016).
  33. Jump up^ Erik Slavin (6 January 2015). “Former Yokosuka commander pleads guilty in Navy bribery scheme”Stars and Stripes. Retrieved 24 October 2015.
  34. Jump up^ Navy officer gets prison Fat Leonard bribery caseTimes of San Diego, Hoa Quach, January 12, 2017. Retrieved 22 June 2017.
  35. Jump up^ Craig Whitlock, Another Navy officer gets prison time for taking bribes and prostitutes from ‘Fat Leonard’Washington Post (January 12, 2017).
  36. Jump up^ One-time top Navy supply officer gets 30 months in prison for role in ‘Fat Leonard’ fraud scandalSan Diego Union-Tribune (January 12, 2017).
  37. Jump up^ Navy repeatedly dismissed evidence that ‘Fat Leonard’ was cheating the 7th FleetWashington Post, Craig Whitlock, December 27, 2016. Retrieved 18 June 2017.
  38. Jump up to:a b Craig Whitlock, Former Navy official gets six years in prison for taking $350,000 in bribes from ‘Fat Leonard’Washington Post (December 2, 2016).
  39. Jump up to:a b c d e 9 Navy officers, including an admiral, indicted in ‘Fat Leonard’ bribery scandalSan Diego Union Tribune, March 14, 2017. Retrieved 12 June 2017.
  40. Jump up to:a b c d e f g h i j Meet Stephen Shedd, Prostitute-Loving Navy Exec in Fat Leonard ScandalWestword, April 17, 2017. Retrieved 4 July 2017.
  41. Jump up^ Fighting Back: This Former Navy Officer Isn’t Rolling Over In The Fat Leonard Bribery CaseHonolulu Civil Beat, Kirstin Downey, August 2, 2017. Retrieved August 2, 2017.
  42. Jump up^ First military case in Fat Leonard bribery scandal beginsNavy Times, Ben Finley (AP), June 26, 2017. Retrieved 29 June 2017.
  43. Jump up to:a b Navy commander latest to be charged in ‘Fat Leonard’ scandalNavy Times, Mark D. Faram, September 1, 2017. Retrieved September 4, 2017.
  44. Jump up^ Former Navy fighter pilot to be tried by military in “Fat Leonard” bribery scandalThe Virginian-Pilot, Courtney Mabeus, September 13, 2017. September 16, 2017.
  45. Jump up to:a b 2 Former Executives Plead Guilty in Multi-Million Dollar Navy Bribery Scheme with ‘Fat Leonard’NBC San Diego, Jaspreet Kaur, May 10, 2017. Retrieved 24 June 2017.
  46. Jump up^ Navy Office of Information, Rear Adm. Adrian Jansen Receives NJP at Admiral’s MastNNS, Story Number: NNS170210-16 Release Date: 2/10/2017
  47. Jump up to:a b c d e Erik Slavin (February 10, 2015). “3 rear admirals forced out amid massive Navy bribery investigation”. Stars and Stripes.
  48. Jump up^ Travis J. Tritten (March 10, 2015). “McCaskill wants ‘Fat Leonard’ discipline to go ‘to the very top'”Stars and Stripes.
  49. Jump up^ Craig Whitlock, Another Navy officer pleads guilty to taking bribes from ‘Fat Leonard’Washington Post (August 18, 2017).